What religions were there before christianity began?

Before the advent of Christianity, some prominent religions existed, including Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and various forms of ancient polytheism such as Greek, Roman, Egyptian, and Norse mythology.

What religions were there before Christianity began

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Before the advent of Christianity, the world was populated by a rich variety of religious beliefs and practices. Some of the prominent religions that existed prior to the rise of Christianity include:

  1. Judaism: Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions, dating back to the ancient Israelites. It is founded on the principles of the Torah and places a strong emphasis on ethical conduct, rituals, and the worship of one God.

  2. Zoroastrianism: Zoroastrianism is an ancient Persian religion founded by the prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra). It views the world as a battleground between the forces of good and evil and emphasizes the concepts of truth, righteousness, and the ultimate triumph of good.

  3. Hinduism: Hinduism, originating in ancient India, is a complex religion with diverse beliefs and practices. It encompasses a wide range of deities, rituals, and philosophies, with concepts such as karma, dharma, and moksha playing significant roles.

  4. Buddhism: Founded by Gautama Buddha in the 6th century BCE, Buddhism is a spiritual tradition that focuses on individual enlightenment and liberation from suffering. It teaches principles such as the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path.

  5. Ancient polytheistic religions: Before Christianity, various forms of ancient polytheism thrived across different regions. These included Greek mythology, with its pantheon of gods and goddesses led by Zeus; Roman mythology, with its similar deities but with different names and attributes; Egyptian mythology, centered around gods like Osiris and Isis; and Norse mythology, where gods like Odin and Thor were revered by the Vikings.

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Quote: “Religion is regarded by the common people as true, by the wise as false, and by the rulers as useful.” – Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Interesting facts:

  1. Judaism, as the precursor to Christianity, holds a significant historical and theological connection to Christianity. Jesus Christ, the central figure in Christianity, was born and raised in a Jewish household.
  2. Zoroastrianism, one of the earliest monotheistic religions, greatly influenced major world religions, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Its concepts of heaven, hell, and the afterlife found resonance in later faiths.
  3. Hinduism, the third-largest religion in the world, encompasses countless deities and diverse practices. It is considered one of the oldest living religions and has a vast collection of holy texts, including the Vedas and Upanishads.
  4. Buddhism, founded by Gautama Buddha, spread across Asia and played a crucial role in shaping the philosophical and religious landscape of countries like India, China, Japan, and Tibet.
  5. Ancient polytheistic religions were deeply rooted in the cultural and mythological beliefs of their respective societies. They influenced art, literature, and architecture, leaving behind a rich legacy still celebrated and studied today.


Religion Founder Key Beliefs/Principles
Judaism N/A (Ancient Israelites) Worship of one God, adherence to the Torah, ethical conduct
Zoroastrianism Zoroaster (Zarathustra) Battle between good and evil, truth, righteousness
Hinduism N/A (Ancient Indian origins) Karma, dharma, moksha, wide range of deities
Buddhism Gautama Buddha Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path, individual enlightenment
Greek mythology N/A (Ancient Greeks) Pantheon of gods led by Zeus, mythical narratives
Roman mythology N/A (Ancient Romans) Similar pantheon to Greek mythology, different names/attributes
Egyptian mythology N/A (Ancient Egyptians) Worship of gods like Osiris and Isis, complex cosmology
Norse mythology N/A (Ancient Norse/Germanic peoples) Norse gods like Odin and Thor, Vikings’ beliefs
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Video response to your question

The YouTube video titled “The Messiah Before Jesus? | National Geographic” explores the significance of the Jeselsohn stone, also known as the Gabriel Revelation stone, in challenging the uniqueness of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection. The tablet contains an apocalyptic narrative concerning Jerusalem’s siege and a final battle, with a partially eroded section suggesting that the angel Gabriel commands a prince of princes to take action after three days, though the exact command is unclear. Professor Israel Canole of Hebrew University argues that this indicates the existence of a messiah prior to Jesus, and that Jesus based his own life on this figure. However, other scholars contest Canole’s interpretation and propose alternative translations, rendering the Jeselsohn stone an intriguing but not groundbreaking artifact.

On the Internet, there are additional viewpoints

Before Christianity, two major monotheistic religions existed in the ancient Mediterranean area. Explore the similarities and differences between Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and emerging Christianity, and how the empire initially accommodated their teachings and actions.

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In this way, What was the first religion in history? Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with more than 1 billion followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion worldwide, after Christianity and Islam.

Thereof, What is the oldest religion? As an answer to this: Hinduism has been called the world’s oldest religion still practised, though some debate remains. The word Hindu is an exonym although many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma (Sanskrit: सनातन धर्म, lit.

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Hereof, What is the first religion in the Bible? The answer is: Judaism, the oldest Abrahamic religion, is based on a strict, exclusive monotheism, finding its origins in the sole veneration of Yahweh, the predecessor to the Abrahamic conception of God.

Thereof, What’s the youngest religion in the world?
Sikhism, (Gurmukhi: ਸਿੱਖੀ ), amongst the youngest of the major world religions, originated and primarily developed in the 15th-17th century sub-continental India (South Asia). The word Sikhi derives from the word Sikh, which itself is based on the Sanskrit root "śiṣya" (शिष्यः), meaning a "disciple" or "learner".

What religion did the Roman Empire follow before Christianity? What religion did Romans follow before Christianity? The Roman Empire was a primarily polytheistic civilization, which meant that people recognized and worshiped multiple gods and goddesses. Despite the presence of monotheistic religions within the empire, such as Judaism and early Christianity, Romans honored multiple deities.

Did paganism come before Christianity?
In reply to that: There is evidence of paganism in the Pre-christian religions before Christ came to Europe. As in other western countries, the re-emergence of this disease appears to be similar; in Britain it has only recently been reestablished. What Was The First Religion After Judaism?

Also to know is, What is a pre Christian religion? The reply will be: Pre-Christian may refer to: . Before Christianization (the spread of Christianity): . Historical polytheism (the worship of or belief in multiple deities); Historical paganism (denoting various non-Abrahamic religions); Before Christ (BC), the era before the year 1 in the Julian and Gregorian calendars . Classical antiquity, a period of history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, lasting from

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